Brazil & Football

Brazil is quite simply the world’s most successful soccer nation that has, as its high altar, the Maracanã stadium in Rio, once the world’s largest stadium capable at one time of holding a crowd of up to 200,000. Although for the 2014 World Cup, including the final, it seated a more modest 76,804.

In 2014 Brazil hosted the 20th FIFA World Cup from 12 June to 13 July with Germany being crowned champions for the fourth time after beating Argentina one-nil in the final in the Maracanã during extra time. The tournament is considered one of the greatest World Cups of all time, if not the greatest.

Maracana 2013

Brazil is the only nation to have taken part in every edition of the FIFA World Cup. It won the World Cup for the fifth time during the finals held in Korea and Japan in 2002. Brazil’s other moments of glory came in Sweden in 1958, Chile in 1962, Mexico in 1970, when it won the Jules Rimet trophy outright, and the US in 1994. The country was second in 1950, when the finals were held in Brazil, and in 1998 when the tournament was played in France; third in 1938 and 1978; and fourth in 1974 and now again in 2014. In its 1982 World Cup side that lost to Italy, it is thought that Brazil had the best and most exciting side not to win the tournament.

In 2014 Brazil was looking for its sixth title and as host nation had the weight of expectation of over 190 million Brazilians on its shoulders. Especially having won the Confederations Cup in Brazil in 2013. Sadly it was not to be, the team coming fourth overall after being beaten by Germany 7-1 in the most one sided semi-final of all time. However Brazil has bounced back and was the first country to qualify for the 2018 World Cup in Russia, where it was knocked out in the quarter final.

Brazil hosted the fourth World Cup in 1950,  the first tournament to be played after World War II, when just 13 teams took part and the games were played in six Brazilian cities (Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio, and São Paulo).

In 2014, 32 teams played across 12 host cities, being the six cities from 1950 plus Brasilía, which did not exist in 1950, Cuiaba, Fortaleza, Manaus, Natal and Salvador. Teams returning from 1950, other than Brazil, included Chile, England, Italy, Mexico, Spain, Switzerland, the US and the champions from 1950, Uruguay. Teams from 1950 that did not returning to Brazil in 2014 included Bolivia, Paraguay, Sweden and Yugoslavia.

For the full story of the 2014 World Cup, including all the results, go to our sister site World Cup the Guide.

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Brazil was the first country to win the World Cup outside of its own continent (in Europe), and has now won in Europe, Asia, North and South America.

Brazil and Brazilian players hold a number of other World Cup records. As well as most wins and most times in the semi-finals, it is, along with Italy, the only country to win back-to-back World Cups. In Ronaldo it had, until the 2014 cup, the tournament’s top overall goal scorer with 15 goals over three tournaments; Pelé is the only player to win three World Cup winners’ medals; Cafu has made the most appearances in a World Cup Final, and played the most winning games in the tournament; and Mario Zagallo, along with Germany’s Franz Beckenbauer and France’s Didier Deschamps, are the only people to win the World Cup as both a player and a coach.

photo 4During the 2014 World Cup Brazil played its 100th World Cup finals’ game. The 100th game was played in Brasilia on Monday, 23 June against Cameroon. A match which moved Brazil into the last sixteen of the tournament.

By the end of the 2018 World Cup Brazil had played 109 games over twenty one World Cup finals, winning 74, drawing 17 and suffering 18 defeats. In the process the team has scored 229 goals and let in 105, nearly 10% of those in their loss to Germany and the Netherlands in the 2014 semi-final and third and fourth place play off.

The only team to play the same numer of World Cup finals games as Brazil, is Germany, which has also played 109 games. The other countries making up the top five are Italy with 83 games, Argentina with 81 and England with 69. France, winners in 2018, have played 66 games.

Pelé could have a World Cup record book all to himself. As well as being the only player to win three World Cups, he is also the youngest goal scorer; youngest hat-trick scorer; youngest scorer in the final (and youngest player in the final); is responsible for the most goals scored in all finals; and has played in the most tournaments when scoring at least one goal.

On the international stage, the Olympic gold medal for football remained until the 2016 Olymipcs the only major soccer title never to be won by Brazil, having lost in three men’s finals and two women’s finals, the most recent being the men losing to Mexico at Wembley during the London Olympics in 2012. But in 2016 it beat Germany in the final at the Maracanã.

In July 2019, Brazil won its 9th Copa America, beating Peru 3-1 in the final in the Maracanã.

Brazilian Club Football

While Brazilians restrain their nationalistic tendencies for the World Cup, regional and club tendencies come to the boil every week in a display of joy that is unknown in most other soccer playing nations. Going to see a game of football in any stadium in Brazil is fun. Violence is rare between Brazilian fans, everything generally being done in good humour and visitors welcomed with open arms to join in this celebration of national passion and pride.

There are two national soccer tournaments played in Brazil each year. The Brasileirão (Brazilian Championship) is played for by the country’s top 20 clubs between March and early December. The current champion (2018) is Palmeiras. The six top clubs from the championship will then go on to play other South American teams for the Copa Libertadores, while the next six top finishers in the Brasileirão play the Copa Sudamericana (South American Cup).

The other national tournament is the Copa do Brasil (Brazil Cup), with the top, traditional clubs plus representatives chosen by each state, number nearly 100 teams in total. The winner of the Copa do Brasil also goes forward to play in the Copa Libertadores. The current champion of the Copa do Brasil (2018) is Cruzeiro.

Brazilian winners of the Copa Libertadores include Gremio (1983, 1995, 2017), Santos (1962, 1963, 2011), São Paulo (1992, 1993, 2005),  Cruzeiro (1976, 1997),  Internacional (2006, 2010), Flamengo (1981), Vasco da Gama (1998), Palmeiras (1999), Corinthians (2012), and Atlético-MG (2013).

A Brazilian club had been present in the Libertadores finals from 2005 to 2013.  A total of nine consecutive finals. Brazilian teams had won the last of those four finals.

Brazilian teams to win the world club championship, played until 2004 as the Intercontinental Cup between the winner of the Copa Libertadores and the European Champions League, include Santos (1962, 1963), Flamengo (1981), Gremio (1983), and São Paulo (1992, 1993). Since 2005 it is been rebranded the FIFA Club World Cup, which has been won by São Paulo (2005), Internacional (2006) and most recently, in 2012, by Corinthians. Corinthians also won an early version of the Club World championship in 2000, when it was held in Rio de Janeiro.

Among the best known Brazilian sides are Flamengo, Fluminense, Vasco da Gama and Botafogo (Rio); Corinthians, Palmeiras, São Paulo and Santos (São Paulo); Gremio and Internacional (Porto Alegre); Atletico (Curitiba); Atletico-MG and Cruzeiro (Belo Horizonte).

São Paulo is home to one of the world’s most modern and complete soccer museums. Located in the Pacaembu Stadium, which when built in 1940 was the largest and most modern in South America, the Museu do Futebol is located appropriately enough in Praça Charles Miller, named after the British man who introduced football to Brazil in 1894.

museu-do-futebol-logoRio de Janeiro is home to the Brazilian Football Confederation’s (CBF) own museum that is located in Barra da Tijuca at Av. Luis Carlos Prestes, 130 and is open daily from 9 am to 5pm.

CBF MuseumThe visit begins in a reception area where two large interactive panels show the history of the CBF. Then, in the auditorium, there is a moving audiovisual presentation dedicated to Brazilian football. The first section shows the origins of the Brazilian team, the seleção. The following areas comprise a large multimedia table, showing the complete history of the team, and the trophy room, with a collection celebrating more than 200 wins, as well as state-of-the-art screens and large format audiovisuals. The visit continues with an area dedicated to Brazil’s five World Cups wins and the players.

CBF 2


For most of the history of the World Cup the Brazilian players chosen to go to the finals have played for Brazilian teams. Botafogo (47 players), São Paulo (42), Flamengo (33), Vasco (32) and Fluminense (31) are the five teams that have supplied the most players to the national Brazilian side for the World Cup up to and including the 2018 squad. But none of the five had any players in the 2018 squad which was dominated by Brazilians playing for teams outside of Brazil. Only three of the 2018 squad of 23 played in Brazil.

The non-Brazilian team to supply the most players to the Brazilian squad is Spain’s Real Madrid that have supplied 11 including is 2018 Casemiro and Marcelo. After Real it is Roma and Barcelona with 10 and Inter Milan with nine.

The full list is:

  • Botafogo (RJ) – 47 1930: Benedicto, Pamplona, Nilo, Carvalho Leite; 1934: Pedrosa, Germano, Octacílio, Canalli, Ariel, Waldyr, Martim Silveira, Carvalho Leite, Áttila; 1938: Nariz, Zezé Procópio, Martim Silveira, Perácio, Patesko; 1950: Nílton Santos; 1954: Nílton Santos; 1958: Nílton Santos, Didi, Garrincha; 1962: Nílton Santos, Didi, Garrincha, Amarildo, Zagallo; 1966: Manga, Rildo, Gérson, Jairzinho; 1970: Paulo Cézar, Jairzinho, Roberto; 1974: Marinho Chagas, Dirceu, Jairzinho; 1978: Rodrigues Neto, Gil; 1982: Paulo Sérgio; 1986: Josimar, Alemão; 1990: Mauro Galvão; 1998: Gonçalves, Bebeto; 2014: Jefferson
  • São Paulo (SP) – 42 1950: Bauer, Rui, Noronha, Friaça; 1954: Mauro, Alfredo, Bauer, Maurinho; 1958: De Sordi, Mauro, Dino Sani; 1962: Bellini, Jurandir; 1966: Bellini, Paraná; 1970: Gérson; 1974: Valdir Peres, Mirandinha; 1978: Valdir Peres, Chicão, Zé Sérgio; 1982: Valdir Peres, Oscar, Serginho, Renato; 1986: Oscar, Falcão, Müller, Careca, Silas; 1990: Ricardo Rocha; 1994: Müller, Cafu, Zetti, Leonardo; 1998: Zé Carlos, Denílson; 2002: Rogério Ceni, Belletti, Kaká; 2006: Rogério Ceni, Mineiro
  • Flamengo (RJ) – 33 1930: Benevenuto e Moderato; 1938: Walter, Domingos da Guia, Leônidas da Silva; 1950: Juvenal, Bigode; 1954: Dequinha, Rubens, Índio; 1958: Moacir, Zagallo, Joel, Dida; 1966: Paulo Henrique, Silva; 1970: Brito; 1974: Renato, Paulo Cézar; 1978: Toninho, Zico; 1982: Leandro, Júnior, Zico; 1986: Zico, Sócrates; 1990: Zé Carlos, Renato Gaúcho; 1994: Gilmar; 1998: Zé Roberto, Júnior Baiano; 2002: Juninho Paulista; 2010: Kléberson
  • Vasco (RJ) – 32 1930: Brilhante, Itália, Fausto, Russinho; 1938: Niginho; 1950: Barbosa, Augusto, Danilo, Ely, Ademir; Chico, Alfredo, Maneca; 1954: Paulinho de Almeida, Ely, Pinga; 1958: Bellini, Orlando, Vavá; 1966: Brito; 1978: Abel, Dirceu, Roberto Dinamite; 1982: Pedrinho, Roberto Dinamite; 1990: Acácio, Mazinho, Bismarck, Bebeto, Tita; 1994: Ricardo Rocha; 1998: Carlos Germano
  • Fluminense (RJ) – 311930: Velloso, Ivan Mariz, Fortes, Fernando Giudicelli, Preguinho; 1938: Batatais, Machado, Romeu, Hércules, Tim; 1950: Castilho; 1954: Castilho, Veludo, Pinheiro, Didi; 1958: Castilho; 1962: Castilho, Jair Marinho, Altair; 1966: Altair, Denílson; 1970: Félix, Marco Antônio; 1974: Marco Antônio; 1978: Edinho, Rivellino; 1982: Edinho; 1986: Paulo Vítor, Branco; 1994: Branco; 2014: Fred
  • Corinthians (SP) – 25 1938: Jaú, Brandão, Lopes; 1950: Baltazar; 1954: Cabeção, Baltazar; 1958: Gilmar, Oreco; 1966: Garrincha; 1970: Ado, Rivellino; 1974: Zé Maria, Rivellino; 1978: Amaral; 1982: Sócrates; 1986: Carlos, Édson, Casagrande; 1994: Viola; 2002: Dida, Vampeta, Ricardinho; 2006: Ricardinho; 2018: Cassio, Fagner
  • Palmeiras (SP) – 24 1938: Luizinho; 1950: Jair, Rodrigues; 1954: Rodrigues, Humberto; 1958: Mazzolla; 1962: Djalma Santos, Zequinha, Vavá; 1966: Djalma Santos; 1970: Leão, Baldocchi; 1974: Leão, Luís Pereira, Alfredo, Ademir da Guia, Leivinha, César; 1978: Leão, Jorge Mendonça; 1986: Leão; 1994: Mazinho, Zinho; 2002: Marcos
  • Santos (SP) – 24 1958: Zito, Pelé, Pepe; 1962: Gilmar, Mauro, Zito, Mengálvio, Coutinho, Pelé, Pepe; 1966: Gilmar, Orlando, Zito, Lima, Pelé, Edu; 1970: Carlos Alberto, Joel, Clodoaldo, Pelé, Edu; 1974: Marinho Peres, Edu; 2010: Robinho
  • Atlético Mineiro (MG) – 12 1970: Dario; 1978: Toninho Cerezo, Reinaldo; 1982: Luizinho, Toninho Cerezo, Éder; 1986: Edivaldo, Elzo; 1998: Taffarel; 2002: Gilberto Silva; 2014: Victor, Jô
  • Cruzeiro (MG) – 11 1966: Tostão; 1970: Wilson Piazza, Fontana, Tostão; 1974: Nelinho, Wilson Piazza; 1978: Nelinho; 1994: Ronaldo; 1998: Dida; 2002: Edílson; 2010: Gilberto
  • Real Madrid (Spain) – 11 1998: Roberto Carlos, Zé Roberto; 2002: Roberto Carlos; 2006: Roberto Carlos, Cicinho, Ronaldo, Robinho; 2010: Kaká; 2014: Marcelo; 2018: Casemiro, Marcelo
  • Roma (Italy) – 10 1982: Falcão; 1994: Aldair; 1998: Cafu, Aldair; 2002: Cafu; 2010: Doni, Juan, Julio Baptista; 2014: Maicon; 2018: Alisson
  • Barcelona (Spain) – 10 1994: Romário; 1998: Giovanni, Rivaldo; 2002: Rivaldo; 2006: Ronaldinho Gaúcho; 2010: Daniel Alves; 2014: Daniel Alves, Neymar; 2018: Paulinho, Philippe Coutinho
  • Internazionale / Inter Milan (Italy) – 09 1998: Ronaldo; 2002: Ronaldo; 2006: Júlio César, Adriano; 2010: Júlio César, Maicon, Lúcio; 2014: Hernanes; 2018: Miranda
  • Internacional (RS) – 08 1950: Adãozinho, Nena; 1974: P. C. Carpegiani, Valdomiro; 1978: Batista; 1982: Edevaldo; 1986: Mauro Galvão; 1990: Taffarel
  • Grêmio (RS) – 08 1966: Alcindo; 1970: Everaldo; 1982: Batista, Paulo Isidoro; 1986: Valdo; 2002: Ânderson Polga, Luizão; 2018: Pedro Geromel
  • AC Milan (Italy) – 07 1998: André Cruz, Leonardo; 2002: Roque Júnior; 2006: Dida, Cafu, Kaká; 2010: Thiago Silva
  • PSG (France) – 07 1994: Raí; 2002: Ronaldinho Gaúcho; 2014: Thiago Silva, Maxwell; 2018: Neymar Jr, Thiago Silva, Marquinhos
  • Portuguesa (SP) – 06 1954: Djalma Santos, Brandãozinho, Julinho; 1958: Djalma Santos; 1962: Jair da Costa; 1970: Zé Maria
  • Benfica (Portugal) – 06 1990: Ricardo Gomes, Aldair, Valdo; 2006: Luisão; 2010: Luisão, Ramires
  • Ponte Preta (SP) – 05 1978: Carlos, Oscar, Polozzi; 1982: Juninho, Carlos
  • São Cristóvão (RJ) – 05 1930: Zé Luiz, Teóphilo, Doca; 1938: Afonsinho, Roberto
  • Bayer Leverkusen (Germany) – 05 1990: Jorginho;  1994: Paulo Sérgio; 1998: Émerson; 2002: Lúcio; 2006: Juan
  • Olympique de Lyon (France) – 05 2002: Edmílson; 2006: Cris, Juninho Pernambucano, Fred; 2010: Michel Bastos
  • Manchester City (England) – 05 2014: Fernandinho; 2018: Danilo, Ederson, Fernandinho, Gabriel Jesus
  • Chelsea (England) – 05 2014: David Luiz, Ramires, Oscar, Willian; 2018: Willian
  • Bangu (RJ) – 04 1950: Zizinho; 1958: Zózimo; 1962: Zózimo; 1966: Fidélis
  • Bayern de Munique (Germany) – 04 1994: Jorginho; 2006: Lúcio, Zé Roberto; 2014: Dante
  • América (RJ) – 03 1930: Joel, Hermógenes; 1938: Britto
  • Napoli (Italy) – 03 1990: Alemão, Careca; 2014: Henrique
  • Shakhtar Donetsk (Ukraine) – 03 2014: Bernard; 2018: Fred, Taison
  • Juventus (Italy) – 03 2006: Émerson; 2010: Felipe Melo; 2018: Douglas Costa
  • Ypiranga (RJ) – 02 1930: Oscarino, Manoelzinho
  • Torino (Italy) – 02 1986: Júnior; 1990: Müller
  • Fiorentina (Italy) – 02 1990: Dunga; 1998: Edmundo
  • Porto (Portugal) – 02 1990: Branco; 1998: Doriva
  • Deportivo La Coruña (Spain) – 02 1994: Mauro Silva, Bebeto
  • Wolfsburg (Germany) – 02 2010: Josué, Grafite
  • Tottenham (England) – 02 2010: Gomes; 2014: Paulinho
  • Atlético de Madri (Spain) – 02 1982: Dirceu; 2018: Filipe Luis
  • Atlético Paranaense (PR) – 01 2002: Kléberson
  • Guarani (SP) – 01 1986: Júlio César
  • Americano (RJ) – 01 1930: Poly
  • Portuguesa Santista (SP) – 01 1938: Argemiro
  • Udinese (Italy) – 01 1986: Edinho
  • Olympique de Marselha (France) – 01 1990: Mozer
  • Sporting (Portugal) – 01 1990: Silas
  • PSV (Holland) – 01 1990: Romário
  • Reggiana (Italy) – 01 1994: Taffarel
  • Bordeaux (France) – 01 1994: Márcio Santos
  • Stuttgart (Germany) – 01 1994: Dunga
  • Shimizu S-Pulse (Japan) – 01 1994: Ronaldão
  • Yokohama Flugels (Japan) – 01 1998: César Sampaio
  • Jublio Iwata (Japan) – 01 1998: Dunga
  • Parma (Italy) – 01 2002: Júnior
  • Real Bétis (Spain) – 01 2002: Denílson
  • Hertha Berlim (Germany) – 01 2006: Gilberto
  • Arsenal (England) – 01 2006: Gilberto Silva
  • Panathinaikos (Greece) – 01 2010: Gilberto Silva
  • Galatasaray (Turkey) – 01 2010: Elano
  • Sevilla (Spain) – 01 2010: Luis Fabiano
  • Villarreal (Spain) – 01 2010: Nilmar
  • Toronto (Canada) – 01 2014: Júlio César
  • Wolfsburg (Germany)  – 01 2014: Luiz Gustavo
  • Zenit (Russia) – 01 2014: Hulk
  • Liverpool (England) – 01 2018: Roberto Firmino
  • Beijing Guoan (China) – 01 2018: Renato Augusto

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Christopher Pickard – Brazil the Guide – Critical Divide
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